The Most Misunderstood English Words
connected with the past or with the study of history
– I expect to see lots of historical artifacts in this museum.
– My sister is a landscape architect specialised in historical gardens.
a long story which usually fills a complete book, with usually imaginary characters and events
– Oliver Twist and David Copperfield are very famous novels by Dickens.
– I prefer reading short stories to novels before going to sleep.
a smaller amount of something (used with uncountable nouns)
– If I were you, I would spend less time on computer games.
– I think grandfather should smoke fewer cigarettes and drink less wine.
continuing without interruption; repeated a lot of times (often in an annoying way)
– The tramps were in continual fear of being discovered in the tool shed where they usually went to sleep.
– Mother dried and kept the flowers as a continual reminder of her daughter’s happy wedding.
having a very bad reputation, well known for being bad or evil
– The sergeant was infamous for his brutality, many young soldiers feared his cruel actions.
– The film industry is infamous for stealing money from actors.
done involving a system or plan, in a thorough and efficient way
– The professor says we should think in a more systematic way if we want success in this research.
– Scripting languages are so systematic that no syntax errors can be tolerated.
denounce, banish, state that something is banned
– Quite many organizations involved in terrorism have been proscribed this year.
– I don’t think it’s a good idea to proscribe girls entering the dormitory.
immediately before the last one
– The race got very exciting in the penultimate lap when three drivers tried to overtake the leader at the same time.
– In a good crime story you can’t tell who the murderer is until the penultimate or last chapter of the book.
unusually advanced in development, with particular abilities and behaviour at a much younger age than usual
– Mozart displayed a precocious talent for music from a very early age.
– My younger sister was a very precocious child who could read and write before she went to school.
follow one after the other in a repeated pattern, change from one thing to another and back
– The poem alternates between happiness and despair.
– Their new song alternates fast percussion rolls with slower string parts.
unlikely to happen and not worth considering; debatable, open to question; an assembly of authoritative persons; argument, discussion
– The jury found the issue moot because all the people involved had left the country.
– The chairman’s concerns became moot when some of the applicants withdrew their proposals.
feeling like vomiting, causing nausea, affected with nausea or disgust
– The smell of the dead fish by the sea made her nauseous.
– As he felt nauseous and dizzy, he left the podium before the end of the show.