Possessive nouns are nouns that show possession or ownership.
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1. When we want to express that something belongs to someone we have to use an APOSTROPHE +s to singular noun or just an APOSTROPHE to plural noun.
- The book belongs to the boy = the boy’s book – singular
- The book belongs to the boys = the boys’ book – plural
TIP: it doesn’t matter how many objects are in possession, only the number of possessors.
- The books belong to the boy = the boy’s books
- The books belong to the boys = the boys’ books
2. We use ‘s with Proper Nouns (names) as well.
- Mary’s bag
- John’s car
- Annie’s pen
If the name end with the letter S, you still add ‘s:
- Jess’s house
- Charles’s suitcase
3. Irregular Plural Nouns will also have ‘s added in the end:
Some nouns have irregular plural forms like woman – women, child – children, etc. In order to show possession, you will need to add ‘s to the plural form too.
- child’s book – children’s book
- woman’s book – women’s book
- man’s car – men’s car
- mouse’s cheese – mice’s cheese
- person’s clothes – people’s clothes
4. When two nouns are joined, but the possession is separate, we add ‘s to each noun:
- Jake’s and Mary’s coats are brown and black.
- Jessica’s and Luigi’s schoolbags are red and purple.
If the possession is the same, we add ‘s only to the second noun:
- Jake and Mary’s house is big and beautiful.
- Mike and Jennifer’s car is brand new.