what is the difference in meaning between portion & part , between illustrate & explain

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PORTION VS PART
 
Portion and part mean the same thing, however, in certain cases it’s more natural to use one or the other.
 
PORTION
 
one part of something
 

  • A large portion of the budget will be spent on hiring clowns to entertain the workers.
  • A small portion of the bridge collapsed.

 
an amount of food for one person
 

  • I had to cut the cake into twelve small portions.
  • I wish they served bigger portions in the canteen.

 
 
PART
 
some but not all
 

  • Part of my day was spent counting dust kittens.
  • Part of me feels sorry for Jake, part of me wishes I’d never met him.

 
piece, section of something
 

  • Which part of the book did you like the most?
  • The most difficult part of the job was working together with monkeys.

 
area, region
 

  • Which part of the capital do you come from?
  • Come and see me if you’re in my part of the world.

 
 
ILLUSTRATE vs EXPLAIN
 
The main difference between the two words is that illustration is usually done with pictures, while it’s not necessary to use any tool to give an explanation.
 
ILLUSTRATE
 
make something easier to understand by using pictures and/or examples
 

  • Let me tell you a little story to illustrate my point.
  • Last year’s sales figures are illustrated in Figure 1.
  • She illustrated her lecture with slides.

 
EXPLAIN
 
make something easier to understand by speaking about it
 

  • Sorry, I don’t understand why I should buy ten goas at the fair. Can you explain it?
  • It’s difficult to explain how the female brain works.
  • Listen carefully, I won’t explain it again.
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