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27/05/2015
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There are many different types of expressions in English, but here are the main ones:

  1. Idioms (or idiomatic expressions)
  2. Slang
  3. Phrasal Verbs
  4. Proverbs
  5. Clichés
  6. Jargon
  7. Nation/Culture Specific Expressions

 

Let’s tackle them one by one! 🙂

 

1. Idioms

Idiom – an established group of words the meaning of which is not clear or understandable from the individual words.

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  • raining cats and dogs‘ – this idiom means that it’s raining heavily

 

Look up some more idiom examples here: 
1000+ Most Popular English Idioms and Their Meanings

 

2. Slang

Slang – very informal words or phrases that are more common in spoken English. These words or phrase are typically restricted to a particular context or group of people.

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People make up new slang expressions every day. That’s why it can be hard to find slang in the dictionary.

  • ‘hood’ – the word you can often here in rap songs means ‘your neighbourhood‘ (this is rap slang)

 

More information about the differences between IDIOMS and SLANG: 
What’s the difference between slang and idioms?

 

3. Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verb – is a verb that has a figurative meaning just like idioms, ­­­and a literal meaning. A phrasal verb is always constructed with a verb and typically either an adverb or preposition.

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  • Look after – Can you look after my cat while I’m on holidays? (phrasal verb: look after = to take care of someone)

 

More phrasal verbs:
Most Commonly Used Phrasal Verbs in English! 

 

4. Proverbs

Proverb –  is a short saying that is commonly known by public, and repeated as a piece of advice or suggestion. A proverb usually expresses the common truth.

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  • Time is money (proverb)

The longer it takes to do something, the more costly it will be.

 

Read more:
The Most Common English Proverbs

 

5. Clichés

Cliché – is a word or a phrase that has become so popular that it is considered “overused”. It can also be used to describe something outdated or unoriginal.

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  • ‘brave as a lion‘ – He is as brave as a lion. (this is an overused phrase, since everyone describes someone who’s brave as a lion)

 

More examples of clichés:
What does ‘cliché’ mean?

 

6. Jargon (or professional slang) are words and phrases that are only used by a particular profession or group, and are usually difficult for others to understand.

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9 to 5 (business jargon)

  • He has a 9 to 5 job. (he has a standard working day from 9 am to 5 pm)

 

Read more:
15 Business English Idioms and Phrases In Use

 

If you have any comments, feel free to do it below 🙂

Thanks!

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