Formal and Informal Email Phrases – from Greetings to Closing Phrases!

formal email phrases

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Whether you’re writing to friends, colleagues or to a potential business partner, your main goal is to get your message across, in other words, to ensure the recipient understands you.

If you use improper or incorrect language and continuously make mistakes in your e-mail, not only might you fail to make yourself understood, you might also fail to make a good impression on the reader.

To avoid this, you can run your e-mail through a grammar and spell checker, however, this in itself won’t guarantee that you’re using the right words and expressions.

Use:
Grammarly grammar and spell checker

In this article, you’ll find examples of language that are commonly used in different types of emails, and hopefully, you’ll find the most appropriate one for your message.

The examples are labelled ’formal’ and ’informal’- please note that most informal expressions are perfectly suitable to use in ’semi-formal’ situations, such as between business associates who have worked together for some time and have established a good relationship.

hi, greetings, welcome

GREETINGS

Formal

  • Dear Sir/ Madam,
  • Dear Sir or Madam,
  • To whom it may concern: (especially AmE)
  • Dear Mr/ Ms Jones,
  • Dear Dr Smith,

(note: First names are NOT used. Using Miss or Mrs to address a woman  is not appropriate, as you don’t know whether she’s married or not)

Informal

  • Hi Dennis,
  • Hello Claire,
  • Dear Mum,

(note: salutations are followed by a (,) comma, exception: ’To whom it may concern:’)

Read more:
Other Ways To Say NICE TO MEET YOU!
19 Email Templates for Business Communication

idea, concept, reason, opinion, thought

REASON FOR WRITING / REPLYING

Formal

  • I am writing to make a reservation/ to apply for the position of…/ to confirm my booking/ to ask for further information about
  • I am writing with regard  to the sale of …/ to the complaint you made on 29th February
  • Thank you for your e-mail of 29th February regarding the sale of… / concerning the conference in Brussels.
  • With reference to our telephone conversation on Friday, I would like to let you know that…

Semi-formal / Informal

  • Just a quick note to invite you to…/ to tell you that…
  • This is to invite you to join us for...
  • Thanks for your e-mail, it was wonderful/great to hear from you.
  • I wanted to let you know that / tell you about / ask you if…

Read more:
Making Complaints in English: in a restaurant, on the phone, by letter
7 Simple Examples of Business Email Writing in English

ask, request, question, inquire, query, seek, search

MAKING A REQUEST / ASKING FOR INFORMATION

Formal

  • Could you please let me know if you can attend … / if you are available for a meeting on 12th December?
  • I would appreciate it if you could please send me a brochure/ if you could please reply within two days.
  • Could you possibly arrange a meeting with the Logistics Manager?
  • I would also like to know if there are any swimming pools in your area.
  • Please let me know how much the tickets cost.

Informal

  • I was wondering if you could come and see me sometime next week.
  • Would you mind coming early to help me clear up the place?
  • Do you think you could call Jerry for me?
  • Can you call me/ get back to me asap? (as soon as possible)

Read more:
18 Powerful Websites to Improve Your Writing Skills in English
Asking Giving Opinions – Agreeing and Disagreeing in English

support, offering help, giving information

OFFERING HELP / GIVING INFORMATION

Formal

  • We are happy to let you know that your article has been selected for publication.
  • I am glad to inform you that we will be holding our annual conference in Brussels on 20 September 2014.
  • We regret to inform you that the show has been cancelled due to bad weather conditions.
  • We are willing to arrange another meeting with the CEO.
  • We would be glad to send you another statement if necessary.
  • Please do let me know if I can be of further assistance.
  • Should you need any further information/assistance, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Informal

  • I’m sorry, but I can’t make it tomorrow. (= I can’t come tomorrow.)
  • I’m happy to tell you that John and I are getting married next month.
  • Would you like me to come early and help you clear up the place?
  • How about I come and help you out?
  • Do you need a hand with moving the furniture?

Read more:
I’m not good at asking questions in English. Can you help?

sorry, complain, disapprove, accuse, criticize

COMPLAINING

Formal

  • I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with… / to complain about…
  • I regret to say that I was not completely satisfied with the room you provided us.
  • We regret to inform you that your payment is considerably overdue.
  • I would like to receive a full refund and compensation for the damages.
  • I am interested to hear how your company can compensate us for the distress we suffered.

Informal

  • I’m sorry to say that you’re late with the payments.
  • I hope you won’t mind me saying that the place you’d recommended to us wasn’t as nice as we’d expected.

Read more:
Hilarious Homophones. 50 Stupid Writing Mistakes to Avoid

sorry, apoligize, beg pardon, excuse

APOLOGIZING

Formal

  • We would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused.
  • Please accept our apologies for the delay.
  • Please let us know what we can do to compensate you for the damages caused.
  • We will make sure that this will not happen again in the  future.
  • I am afraid I will not be able to attend the conference.

Informal

  • I’m sorry for the trouble I caused.
  • I apologize for the delay.
  • I promise it won’t happen again
  • I’m sorry, but I can’t make it to the meeting.

Read more:
Other Ways to Say SORRY!

working, attacing files, appoint, assign

ATTACHING FILES

Formal

  • I am attaching my CV for your consideration.
  • I am sending you the brochure as an attachment.
  • Please see the statement attached.
  • Please find attached the file you requested.
  • I am afraid I cannot open the file you have sent me.
  • Could you send it again in … format?

Informal

  • I’m attaching/sending you the holiday photos.
  • Sorry, but I can’t open it. Can you send it again in … format?

Read more:
What are the main types of sentence structures?

ending, finish, closing, conclusion, end

ENDING

Formal

  • I look forward to hearing from you.
  • I look forward to hearing when you are planning to visit our town.

Informal

  • Hope to hear from you soon.
  • I’m looking forward to seeing you.

Read more:
Different Ways to Say BYE BYE!

hi, greetings, welcome

CLOSING FORMULA

Formal

  • Yours faithfully, (when you start with Dear Sir/ Madam,)
  • Yours sincerely, (when you start with the name e.g. Dear Ms Collins)
  • Sincerely Yours, (AmE)
  • Sincerely, (AmE)
  • Yours Truly, (AmE)

Informal

  • Love,
  • Thanks,
  • Take care,
  • Yours,
  • Best regards, (semi-formal, also BR)

Read more:
6 Ways to Improve Your English Writing Skills

One more thing to keep in mind is that in formal correspondence contractions are rarely used, so remember to write ’I do not’ instead of ’I don’t’ or ’they cannot’ instead of ’they can’t’ and so on.

Keep learning, keep writing – practice makes perfect – and let me know if I can help you with anything.

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Formal and Informal Email Phrases - from Greetings to Closing Phrases!
Description
Asking how to improve your email writing? Use these formal and informal email phrases to make your business emails and general emails look great! From opening to closing. All in one place!
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MyEnglishTeacher.eu
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Written by: Melinda Makkos

Melinda Makkos enjoys a rewarding and successful career as an English Language Teacher. She was living in London, England when she fell in love with the language and decided to study English and American Literature at college. Since then, she has worked for schools and language schools all over Europe teaching general and business English to various age groups.