Both Present Participle and Gerund are formed by adding -ING to the base form of a verb, so, you can’t tell them apart unless they’re in a sentence.
When your verb is part of a Continuous structure, we call it Present Participle:
- I’m RUNNING.
- I was WATCHING TV when he arrived.
When it functions as a noun, we call it Gerund:
- Running is good for you.
- Watching TV is bad for you.
I hope that helps 🙂
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