ALREADY, STILL, YET, JUST
‘Already’ is used to indicate that something has happened earlier.
It is used in the mid-position of the sentence, and is usually used with Present Perfect.
In American English, it is also possible to use ‘already’ with the Simple Past.
- I have already done my homework.
- He has already washed the car.
- I already did my homework.
- He already washed the car.
‘Still’ is used to indicate a continuous action, and is used in affirmative sentences. ‘
Still’ is used in the mid-position of the sentence, and is usually used with Present Continuous (Progressive).
- I am still doing my homework.
- He is still washing his car.
‘Still’ requires the use or Progressive forms, except for the verbs be, have and verbs of primary perception* or when you want to indicate a habitual situation (HABIT).
- I still have the book that you gave me.
- I am still a strong guy.
- I can still hear< him.
- I still see her outside.
- She still <goes jogging in the park. – HABIT
- He still shops at TARGET. – HABIT
NOTE: ‘still‘ is not often used in negative sentences. It is usually replaced by ‘not…anymore’ or ‘no longer’
- I no longer< have the book that you gave me.
- I am not a strong guy anymore.
* Verbs of primary perception: see, hear, taste, smell, listen, feel, watch.
‘Yet’ is used to talk about something that is expected to happen, but did not happen till this moment. ‘Yet’ means at any time up to now.
‘Yet’ is used in interrogative (questions) and negative sentences.
‘Yet’ is usually used with Present Perfect. ‘Yet’ is used in the end of the sentence.
- Have you finished your homework yet? – Interrogative
- I haven’t washed my car yet. – Negative
‘Yet’ is very rarely used in affirmative sentences, but when it is used, it implies a negative.
- I have yet to read the ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ book = I have not read the ‘Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire’ book yet, but I will probably read it soon.
‘Just’ is used when we want to indicate that something happened a short time ago (very recently).
It is always used with Present Perfect or Past Perfect.
It is used between the auxiliary verb (have/has) and past participle.
‘Just’ can be used in affirmative and interrogative sentences.
- I’ve just called my grandmother. (Present Perfect)
- Have you just called your grandmother? (Present Perfect)
- We had just< finished dinner. (Past Perfect)
NOTE: In American English ‘just’ can be used with Simple Past.
- I just saw him outside.
- I just called my grandmother.
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