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Staff 09/06/2015
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THE HUMAN BODY – VOCABULARY

When you are sick, or just need to ask someone a question related to the human body, it is important that you are able to explain what the matter is.

Whether you’re talking to a doctor, pharmacist or friend, by email, telephone or any other means. Thus, it is vital that you know the terms for different body parts and how to use them in conversation.

I have broken down the different body parts into sections, and given example sentences showing how to use them in conversation.

 

HEAD AND SHOULDERS

HAIR – The fine threadlike strands growing from skin, especially on a person’s head.

  • Your brother pulled my hair really hard, and now my head hurts!

HEAD – The uppermost part of the human body, containing the brain, mouth and sense organs.

  • I accidentally walked into the door and hit my head really hard! It feels sore now.

FOREHEAD – The part of the face above the eyebrows.

  • I have a lot of spots on my forehead, because I eat too many sugary sweets.

EYEBROW – The strip of hair growing above a person’s eye socket.

  • He raised his eyebrow in a questioning gesture.

EYELASH – The short curved hairs growing on the edge of a person’s eyelid, serving to protect the eyes from dust particles.

  • My eyelashes are falling out from using too much mascara!

EYELID – The upper and lower folds of skin that cover the eye when closed.

  • My eyelids feel very heavy; I am so sleepy, that I cannot keep my eyes open any longer…

EYE – Globular organs in the head through which we see; the visible part typically almond-shaped on animals with eyelids.

  • My cat is blind in one eye.

CHEEK – Either side of the face, below the eye.

  • Ouch! I just bit the inside of my cheek by chewing my food too fast.

JAW – Upper and lower bony structures that move when talking or eating, forming the framework of the mouth and containing the teeth.

  • I have a stiff jaw because someone punched my face yesterday.

NOSE – The part projecting above the mouth on the face of a person, containing the nostrils and used for breathing and smelling.

  • Last week, two burglars stole my wallet and phone, then punched me in my face and broke my nose, because I tried to stop them!

NOSTRIL – The two openings of the nasal passage that admit air into your lungs and allow you to smell.

  • There is blood coming out of my nostrils and I’m not sure why!

LIPS – The two fleshy parts that form the upper and lower edges of the opening of the mouth.

  • My lips are very dry because I feel thirsty. Can I have some water please?

TOOTH (singular) / TEETH (plural) – Hard enamel-coated structures in the jaws of most vertebrates, used for biting and chewing.

  • I cracked my tooth on a hard nut! I need to visit a dentist.

TONGUE – The fleshy muscular organ in the mouth of a mammal, used for tasting, licking, swallowing and (in humans) articulating speech.

  • I bit down on my tongue while eating French fries, and now it is bleeding!

MOUTH – The opening in the lower part of the human face, surrounded by the lips, through which food is taken, and from which speech and other sounds are emitted.

  • I ate some very spicy food and now my mouth is burning!

CHIN – The protruding part of the face below the mouth, formed by the apex of the lower jaw.

  • I have a big mosquito bite on my chin.

THROAT – The passage that leads from the back of the mouth of a person or animal to the stomach, or to the lungs.

  • I have a sore throat and cannot swallow food properly.

FACE – The front part of a person’s head, from the forehead to the chin.

  • You should wash your face thoroughly with soap every day.

NECK – The part of a person’s body connecting the head to the rest of the body.

  • I was wearing a necklace around my neck this morning and now it’s gone! I think I lost it in the park…

SHOULDER – The upper joint of the human arm and the part of the body between this and the neck.

  • I think I broke my shoulder while exercising. It hurts to move my arm!

 

Read more:
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ARMS AND HANDS

FINGERNAIL – The flattish hard part on the upper surface of the tip of each finger.

  • I got my finger stuck in the door and my fingernail broke.

FINGER – Each of the four slender jointed parts attached to either hand.

  • I accidentally cut my finger while chopping vegetables.

THUMB – The short, thick first digit of the human hand, set lower and apart from the other four.

  • He pricked my thumb with a needle.

PALM – The inner surface of the hand between the wrist and fingers.

  • He held the spider in the palm of his hand.

HAND – The end part of a person’s arm beyond the wrist, including the palm, fingers and thumb.

  • He held my hand tightly all the way to the station.

WRIST – The joint connecting the hand with the forearm.

  • I broke my wrist playing badminton last week.

FOREARM – The part of a person’s arm extending from the elbow to the wrist.

  • My forearms feel sore after rock climbing today!

ELBOW – The joint between the forearm and the upper arm.

  • He rammed his elbow into my ribs!

UPPER ARM – The part of the arm between the elbow and shoulders.

  • My upper arms are sore after that tug-of-war game!

ARM – Each of the two upper limbs of the human body from the shoulder to the hand.

  • She held her newborn baby in her arms for the first time.

 

Read more:
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Other ways to say ON THE OTHER HAND!

 

THE TRUNK OR TORSO

CHEST – The front surface of a person’s body between the neck and the abdomen.

  • My chest hurts a lot every time I cough.

STOMACH – The internal organ in which most of the food digestion occurs.

  • I feel sick in my stomach; I think I ate too much cake!

BACK – The rear surface of the human body from the shoulders to the hips.

  • If you don’t do sit-ups properly, you could injure your back.

WAIST – The part of the human body below the chest and above the hips.

  • That dress really shows off your lovely waist.

ABDOMEN – The part of the body containing the digestive organs. In humans, it is bounded by the diaphragm and the pelvis.

  • She felt a sharp pain in her abdomen every time she moved.

HIPS – A projection of the pelvis and upper thigh bone on each side of the human body.

  • Women generally have wider hips than men.

BOTTOM – The buttocks; two round fleshy parts that form the rear area of a human trunk.

  • He slipped on the icy road and fell flat on his bottom.

 

Read more:
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LEGS AND FEET

LEG – Each of the limbs on which a person or animal walks and stands.

  • I broke my leg in a motorbike accident.

THIGH – The part of the human leg between the hip and the knee.

  • My thighs are very sore after running that marathon!

KNEE – The joint between the thigh and the lower leg in humans.

  • I damaged my left knee while playing football last week.

CALF – The fleshy part at the back of a person’s leg below the knee.

  • I have very strong calf muscles because I run a lot.

SHIN – The front of the leg below the knee.

  • She kicked me on my shin with her pointy high heeled shoes!

ANKLE – The joint connecting the foot with the leg.

  • I twisted my ankle yesterday; it is still really swollen.

HEEL – The back part of the foot below the ankle.

  • I accidentally stepped on some broken glass, and I think there is still a tiny piece stuck in my heel.

FOOT (Singular) / FEET (Plural) – The lower extremity of the leg, below the ankle, on which a person stands or walks.

  • My feet feel squashed; these shoes are too tight for me.

TOE – Any of the five digits at the end of a human foot.

  • He cut his big toe on a sharp stone.

TOENAIL – The nail at the tip of each toe.

  • I need to cut my toenails; they are so long now!

 

Read more:
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OTHER WORDS RELATED TO PARTS OF THE BODY

BLOOD – The red liquid that circulates in the arteries and veins of humans, carrying oxygen to and carbon dioxide from the tissues of the body.

  • I donate blood every year to help other people.

BONE – Any of the pieces of hard, whitish tissue making up the human skeleton.

  • I am very lucky that I survived the accident, and didn’t break any bones!

MUSCLE – A band or bundle of fibrous tissue that has the ability to contract, producing movement in or maintaining the position of parts of the body.

  • I think I might have pulled a muscle in my leg from running too much.

SKIN – The thin layer of tissue forming the natural outer covering of the body of a person.

  • My skin is sunburnt because I fell asleep on the beach yesterday!

LEFT – on, toward or relating to the side of a human body that is to the west when the person is facing north.

  • I can’t see clearly in my left eye.

RIGHT – on, toward or relating to the side of a human body that is to the east when the person is facing north.

  • My right-hand thumb is swollen because a bee stung me!

JOINT – A structure in the body at which two parts of the skeleton are fitted together.

  • My joints have been aching since I ran the London Marathon.

 

Read more:
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