Adjective clauses contain a relative pronoun (who, whom, that, which, or whose) or a relative adverb (when, where, why), plus subject and verb. For example:
- Children whose parents are divorced often need counselling.
- Do you remember the time when we first saw the Northern Lights?
Relative pronouns can define either the subject or the object within the sentence.
- The man who turned up at the meeting uninvited is the CEO.
(“who turned up at the meeting uninvited” describes the subject)
- Children who learn how to read at an early age tend do well at school.
(“who learn how to read at an early age” describes the subject)
- The police officer whose dog was injured was devastated.
(“whose dog was injured” describes the subject)
- The man who we met is a famous film star.
(“who we met” describes the object)
- The cat that I adopted was found in a rubbish bag.
(“that I adopted” describes the object)
- The film that we saw was fantastic.
(“that we saw” describes the object)
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